AfterMarketNews Auto Care Pro AutoProJobs Auto-Video.com Brake&Frontend BodyShopBusiness Counterman EngineBuilder Fleet Equipment ImportCar Motorcycle & Powersports News Servicio Automotriz Shop Owner Tire Review Tech Shop Tomorrow's Tech Underhood Service

Raybestos Partners With Schwartz Performance To Restore Classic '69 Mustang Fastback

Raybestos has joined forces once again with Schwartz Performance to restore an American icon muscle car: a 1969 Ford Mustang Fastback. “Raybestos and Mustang are the perfect match of history, leadership and innovation. Working with the first-class...

Read more...

Top 10 Brake Job Mistakes For Pads, Rotors And Calipers

Here are the top 10 brake job mistakes made by rookie technicians when replacing brake pads, rotors and calipers.   10. Not cleaning the brake slides and hardware: Just slapping new pads where the old pads once resided never works. The...

Read more...

Snap-on Brightens Up Your Workspace With New Rechargeable Shop Light

Get out of the dark and brighten up your workspace with the new Snap-on ECFBAR300 Rechargeable Shop Light. With an innovative Chip-On-Board LED efficiently delivering more light while maximizing battery power, this powerful shop light is ideal for use...

Read more...

Customer Loyalty to Vehicle Brands Spells Ongoing Maintenance Opportunities

Vehicle owners’ allegiance to brands should give us all something to cheer about. This is especially true for those of you who service import vehicles. Nine import nameplates — Infiniti, Land Rover, Lexus, Mazda, Mitsubishi, Nissan, Porsche, Subaru...

Read more...

The Element of Trust And Its Impact on a Repair Scenario

Trust: It’s an important word, and it’s one I hear a lot behind the counter at the shop. “I know you’ll treat me right because I trust what you do,” is the general sentiment. But I’ve always wondered how deep that level of comfort goes...

Read more...

Servicing Mercedes-Benz AIRMATIC Suspensions

The Mercedes-Benz AIRMATIC suspension system was introduced in 1999 on the S-Class and has subsequently been used on the E-Class and most of the automaker’s SUVs. The system employs electronically controlled air springs that provide an ideal balance...

Read more...

Regulators Launch Investigation Into Jeep Grand Cherokee Brake Defect

Federal regulators are investigating whether the automatic braking systems in some 2014 Jeep Grand Cherokees may be defective after receiving a number of complaints from motorists about a potentially dangerous glitch that caused their vehicles to come...

Read more...

Electronic Proportioning Valve: Doing More With Less Hardware

Anti-lock brake systems (ABS) and the HCU are replacing proportioning, combination and other valves to change the braking forces in the front and rear. This is called Electronic Brake Distribution (EBD) and it can dynamically change the proportioning...

Read more...

NHTSA’s GM Brake Line Corrosion Investigation: Reading Between the Brake Lines

There will be no recalls on some GM vehicles for brake line corrosion. Instead, we received an advisory from the National Highway and Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) about brake line inspection and car washes. What was not discussed was the corrosion...

Read more...

Ingersoll Rand's 'Real Work Real Play' Sweepstakes With Gas Monkey Garage And NASCAR Rewards A Tool User With The Ultimate Fan Weekend

Ingersoll Rand, the Official Power Tools of NASCAR and a preferred tool provider for Gas Monkey Garage, has announced the “Real Work Real Play” sweepstakes to reward automotive fans who “get it done” with a weekend of fun. Ingersoll Rand is working...

Read more...

Bosch Relaunches Boschdiagnostics.com With Mobile-Responsive Design, New Layout For North America

Bosch has announced the re-launch of boschdiagnostics.com in North America, continuing to update all of its sites to a mobile-responsive, intuitive design. The URL contains three separate sites, featuring DIY diagnostic tools (DIY), professional diagnostic...

Read more...

New Bartec Tech400Pro TPMS Tool To Be Demonstrated At NACE | CARS

Bartec USA, a North American leader in TPMS Diagnostic tools, will hold live demonstrations of its newly released Tech400Pro TPMS Scan Tool at this year’s NACE | CARS show in Detroit. Michael Rose, Bartec product manager, will conduct these demonstrations...

Read more...

Home Cooling Tech Feature: Servicing Ford’s 3.0L Engine

Print Print Email Email

The 3.0L Duratec V6 was introduced in 1996 to replace the aging 3.8L V6 in the Ford Taurus and Mercury Sable. Unlike its conventional pushrod predecessor, the 3.0L V6 has dual overhead cams, four valves per cylinder and an aluminum block with cast-iron cylinder liners.

It is essentially a larger version of the 2.5L Duratec 60° V6 that was introduced in the 1994 Ford Contour and Jaguar X-Type. Both engines have the same 79.5 mm stroke crankshaft, but the 3.0L engine has larger cylinder bores (89 mm versus 82.4 mm in the 2.5L Duratec).

The 3.0L Duratec engine has Sequential Multiport Fuel Injection (SFI), and an upper and lower intake manifold with electronically controlled Intake Manifold Runner Control (IMRC) that varies intake air velocity for improved low-end torque, and a single coil distributorless ignition system (DIS) that fires two spark plugs simultaneously (waster spark).

The coil is mounted on the front valve cover, and the firing order is 1-4-2-5-3-6. The plugs are gapped at 1.3-1.4 mm (0.052-0.56”).

The dual overhead cams on the Duratec engine are chain driven, so there’s no timing belt to replace.
Over the years, this engine has undergone continual evolution and has been produced in several variations, including:
• A 208 horsepower version with roller finger followers for the Taurus and Sable, and the 2001 and later Ford Escape and Mazda Tribute.

• A more powerful 232 hp version for the 2000-’05 Lincoln LS, Jaguar AJ30 and S-Type, Mazda 6 and MPV, and 2005 Ford Five Hundred, Mercury Montego and Ford Freestyle with direct-acting mechanical bucket tappets.

• A Variable Valve Timing (VVT) with electronic throttle control for the 2003-’06 Lincoln LS, 2003-’06 Jaguar X-Type applications, 2006 Ford Fusion, Mercury Milan and Lincoln Zephyr, and 2009 Ford Escape. On the 2009 Fusion, a new type of VVT system called “Cam Torque Actuated” (CTA) is used to advance cam timing. The cam phaser generates its own internal pressure rather than relying on oil pump pressure to move the cams. The result is more advance (47°) and better fuel economy.

Though the 3.0L Duratec V6 has had a relatively long production run, its successor is the larger displacement 265 hp 3.5L Duratec V6, which powers the 2007 Ford Edge, Lincoln MKX and MKZ, and 2008 and later Taurus and Sable, and 2009 Ford Flex. An even larger 275 hp 3.7L Duratec V6 with a 95.5 mm bore is used in the 2008 Mazda CX-9 and Lincoln MKS, and 2009 Mazda 6. Ford says it will continue making the 3.0L V6 for several more years with additional improvements to reduce emissions and improve fuel economy.

3.0L Variants
The first-generation 3.0L Duratec blocks produced from 1996 through 1998 can be identified by the “F5DE” casting number on the engine block. In 1999, Ford changed to a slightly different casting (XW4E) which has different coolant passages on the right side that require a different head gasket. Install an old style head gasket on this  engine and it will leak coolant.

The following year, Ford revised the block casting slightly and reduced the size of the knock sensor threads from 12 mm to 8 mm. Other than that, the 1999 and newer blocks are interchangeable. The 2000-’04 blocks use casting number XW4E-BA.

The cast iron liners in the aluminum block can be bored to oversize if the cylinders are worn or tapered. Flat-top pistons with a slight dome are used without valve reliefs in the older 3.0L Duratec engines that do not have variable valve timing, but pistons with four valve reliefs are required for additional valve clearance in the newer versions with VVT. The compression ratio is the same, so the newer pistons can be used in the older applications.

All the Duratec engines use powder metal connecting rods with cracked (fracture-split) caps. Rod lengths and weights are all the same, and can be interchanged from one year to the next. If the big end of the rod is worn or stretched, though, the rod has to be replaced because cracked caps cannot be ground to resize the bearing opening.

Pages: 1 2 3Next page

The following two tabs change content below.

Larry Carley

Larry Carley has more than 30 years of experience in the automotive aftermarket, including experience as an ASE-certified technician, and has won numerous awards for his articles. He has written 12 automotive-related books and developed automotive training software, available at www.carleysoftware.com.
  • Jodi

    I own a 2006 ford escape 3.0 and I am having a problem finding out if the water pump is exhaust driven or I take driven. I need to replace the engine. The engine sits sideways so I do not know if the front of the engine is on the right or left side. I read online that if the 8th digit of the vin is 1 then it is exhaust. Need help

  • Dale Noel

    Have a 2005 ford f150 v8 4.6 timing chain cover do you think it would work on a 2000 gt mustang v8 4.6 if I get the 2005 ford belt

  • David Utley

    Can I install a conventional 3.0 out of an 2001 Mercury Sable in a 2002 Mazda Tribute with a DOHC 3.0?

  • Stan McCowen

    I can’t find the bolt size for the holes on the 2002 3.0 Duratec engine in a Lincoln LSE that you bolt the brackets to, to support the engine while changing the oil pan gasket. Does anyone know what size they are?

    • Ryan puckett

      M12x1.75

  • john denton

    Can I install a 3.0 doc from a 2001 mercury sable into my 2004 Mazda 6

Similar articles
Latest articles from our other sites:

Customer Loyalty to Vehicle Brands Spells Ongoing Maintenance Opportunities

Vehicle owners’ allegiance to brands should give us all something to cheer about. This is especially true for those of you who service import vehicles. Nine import nameplates — Infiniti, Land Rover,...More

Autel's MaxiSYS Elite Offers Faster Processor, New Docking Station

The MaxiSYS Elite is the latest addition to Autel’s MaxiSYS family of diagnostic tools. The new Elite features a faster processor, higher screen resolution, faster WiFi, longer battery life and Android’s...More

Customer Loyalty to Vehicle Brands Spells Ongoing Maintenance Opportunities

Vehicle owners’ allegiance to brands should give us all something to cheer about. This is especially true for those of you who service import vehicles. Nine import nameplates — Infiniti, Land Rover,...More

Top 10 Subaru Articles

We're counting down the top ten most effective Subaru technical articles ever! 10) Tech Tip: Subaru Impreza With DTCs P0705, P0851, P2746, P2750 And/Or No Crank, No Start If you receive a customer...More

Chrysler Tech Tip: Stability Control System Engages Prematurely

Problem:  ESP system may prematurely activate momentarily when negotiating a curve or MIL illumination due to diagnostic trouble code P0340, P0344 or P0116. Overview: This bulletin involves selectively...More

Honda Tech Tip: Dampers Lock Up After Lowering Vehicle on a Rack

You’ve got your service customer’s vehicle up on a rack to do some work. You lower it back down, but now it looks like a 4x4 ready for some serious off-roading or it feels like it’s got a rock-solid...More

Autel's MaxiSYS Elite Offers Faster Processor, New Docking Station

The MaxiSYS Elite is the latest addition to Autel’s MaxiSYS family of diagnostic tools. The new Elite features a faster processor, higher screen resolution, faster WiFi, longer battery life and Android’s...More

Save Time Installing TPMS Using Dill's Preset Torque Tools

Dill TPMS Torque Tools are designed to easily install the hex nut on the valve stem. The torque values are preset, eliminating the need to adjust a torque wrench before and after install. Dill’s...More