Throttle-By-Wire Codes: P1512 On 2002 GMC Envoy – UnderhoodService

Throttle-By-Wire Codes: P1512 On 2002 GMC Envoy

The PCM continuously monitors the commanded and actual throttle positions. The commanded throttle position is compared to the actual throttle position based on accelerator pedal position and possibly other limiting factors, and both values should be within a calibrated range of the other.

Throttle by wire codes
Figure 1: TP data being viewed again at Key On, Engine Off.

The PCM continuously monitors the commanded and actual throttle positions. The commanded throttle position is compared to the actual throttle position based on ­accelerator pedal position and possibly other limiting factors, and both values should be within a calibrated range of the other.

The electronic throttle body is very similar to the cable-operated throttle body, with a few notable changes. Among the most noticeable is the addition of the throttle actuator control motor (TAC). This motor is used to open and close the throttle plate based on direct commands from the engine control module.

Year: 2002
Make/Model: GMC Envoy
P1512: is a code that involves electronic throttle control (ETC) or throttle actuator control (TAC), and in many situations, a technician may be tempted to replace the throttle body assembly right away. This article will attempt to provide a better plan of attack.

The TAC motor turns two reduction gears inside the throttle body that link the drive gear from the motor to the throttle plate shaft. The throttle position sensor (TPS) has been redesigned for the throttle-by-wire. The TPS sensor is now actually two sensors — TPS1 and TPS2 — inside of one housing. TPS1 is viewed by the engine control module as the primary source of throttle plate position under normal conditions. DTC P1512 sets if the values are greater than the calibrated range.

I have found through my research that all of the car manufacturers appear to have similar logic on how these systems work, but keep in mind you must study each one of them in detail for proper diagnosis and repair.

Throttle by wire schematic large
Figure 2: PCM feeds and grounds that are provided directly to the ETC. (Click to enlarge)

Our subject vehicle is a 2002 GMC Envoy. This vehicle entered the shop with the “reduced engine power” lamp on. The engine was running very poorly and the vehicle could not be driven. After the ignition key was cycled off and then on again — and the vehicle was then restarted — it would run as if there was no issue whatsoever. The technician witnessed this event and replaced the throttle body assembly.

The vehicle ran fine for a few days and returned to the repair facility with the same complaint later in the week. Let’s review the trouble code chart as well as the enabling conditions for this code.

The code is set when the commanded TPS values do not agree with the actual throttle position values. The throttle valve of the throttle body is spring loaded to a slightly open position of approximately 20%. This is referred to as the rest position.

Throttle by wire code
Figure 3: All-systems pass.

The throttle valve should move open and closed without binding under the normal spring pressure but not be free enough to move open or closed without spring pressure. If binding or free movement is noted, the throttle body should be replaced.

The screenshots show the data as we witnessed it. The ignition key is then cycled on again, and the value changes to 9% for desired and 22% for actual (see Figure 1). The 22% would explain the reduced engine power lamp being illuminated. A little homework revealed that an additional schematic was in need of review (see Figure 2). The schematic for power and grounds showed that an ETC fuse provides power directly to the PCM.

A diagnostic system check was performed on the system and the resultant information is revealed in Figure 3. We now have an all-system pass.

You May Also Like

The December Digital Edition Is Available Today

Each issue includes technical content from Underhood Service.

The interactive and easy-to-use digital edition of ShopOwner’s December issue, featuring articles from Underhood Service, is available now.

Click Here to read the December issue

In addition to management topics and opinion pieces, this issue includes articles on fuel pressure diagnostics; smaret battery management systems; diesel air filter replacement guidelines; what to do about overcharged A/C systems and more.

The November Digital Edition of ShopOwner Is Here

Every issue includes technical and marketing information from ShopOwner channels.

The October Digital Edition Is Available Today

Each issue includes technical content from Underhood Service and other ShopOwner channels.

The September Issue Is Available To Download, Read

Each issue includes technical content from Underhood Service and other ShopOwner channels.

The August Digital Edition Is Available Today

Each issue includes technical content from Underhood Service and other ShopOwner channels.

Other Posts

Power Window Regulator Replacement

Blindly replacing a window regulator and motor assembly may not solve a customer’s problem.

Beyond the Warranty

What does it take to keep a car going for 120,000, 180,000 or 250,000 miles? The key is maintenance and inspection. 

Caring For AGM And Flooded Car Batteries

Faulty battery cables, if loose, corroded, or damaged, can lead to power drainage.

Power Window Regulator and Motor Service

Power windows are great as long as they roll up and down when commanded to do so.