‘5 Checks’ For Emissions System Diagnosis, Repair

‘5 Checks’ Recommendation Simplifies Emissions System Diagnosis, Repair

5 auto technician tips
5 emissions system diagnostic tips

Tenneco’s Walker Emissions Control brand is helping automotive service providers simplify emissions control diagnosis and repair through a variety of new educational tools, including a recommended set of five checks to perform before installing a replacement catalytic converter. These diagnostic checks are covered in a free technical video available through the “TennecoInc” channel at YouTube.com.

The Walker brand’s recommended five emissions system checks are:

1. Retrieve all powertrain control module (PCM) trouble codes and perform corresponding repairs. As part of this process, Tenneco also recommends checking for and performing any available PCM emissions-related reflash updates before installing a new converter.

2. Eliminate all exhaust system leaks. Leaks as small as a pinhole could introduce excess oxygen into the exhaust stream, triggering a P0420 code. Be particularly careful to check for leaks both upstream and within 18 inches downstream of the converter. Leaks can be identified through the use of a smoke machine, by performing a thorough visual inspection or pressurizing the system with compressed air.

3. Confirm the engine is in proper fuel control. An air/fuel mixture that is slightly rich or lean can trigger a trouble code and cause converter damage. This check can be performed with a four- or five-gas analyzer, many modern scan tools or a high-impedance digital Volt-Ohm meter. If using a gas analyzer, the Lambda reading should not fall outside a range of 0.995 to 1.005, and the hydrocarbon reading should be between zero and 35 parts per million.

4. Identify and correct any engine-related issues that could lead to converter contamination. Begin by performing a cooling system pressure check, which can indicate whether coolant could be leaking into the combustion chamber. When conducting this test, the system should hold the specified cap pressure for at least 15 minutes. Also check for excessive oil consumption by testing the overall mechanical condition of the engine. This can be assessed through a simple volumetric efficiency test.

5. Be sure you have the correct converter for the vehicle. Double check the vehicle’s year, make, model, engine and emissions certification, then select the corresponding EPA-compliant converter. If your shop is located in a state that follows California Air Resources Board (CARB) standards, you must also check the EFN (engine family number), sometimes referred to as “group number,” before selecting the appropriate CARB-compliant converter.

Courtesy of Walker

You May Also Like

The December Digital Edition Is Available Today

Each issue includes technical content from Underhood Service.

The interactive and easy-to-use digital edition of ShopOwner’s December issue, featuring articles from Underhood Service, is available now.

Click Here to read the December issue

In addition to management topics and opinion pieces, this issue includes articles on fuel pressure diagnostics; smaret battery management systems; diesel air filter replacement guidelines; what to do about overcharged A/C systems and more.

Tech Tip: No Start in Cold Weather Due to No Weep Hole

This condition can be caused by condensation freezing in the muffler assembly.

Determining Catalytic Converter Efficiency

Almost every part on the engine determines how long a catalytic converter will last.

Talking To Customers About Oxygen Sensors

One of the toughest components to sell as a maintenance item, or even a replacement item, is an oxygen sensor.

PCV System DTC

PCV systems are far more complex now, but they are also much better at controlling crankcase pressure.

Other Posts

Chrysler’s Totally Integrated Power Module

The TIPM is on the CAN bus, any issues with the communication between the ECM, ABS and BCM can cause problems with the TIPM.

The November Digital Edition of ShopOwner Is Here

Every issue includes technical and marketing information from ShopOwner channels.

The October Digital Edition Is Available Today

Each issue includes technical content from Underhood Service and other ShopOwner channels.

The September Issue Is Available To Download, Read

Each issue includes technical content from Underhood Service and other ShopOwner channels.