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AUTO 7 Named Approved Vendor For Automotive Parts Associates

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Internal Engine Oil Consumption Diagnostics

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Hyundai Fuel System, Emissions Diagnostics

Hyundai has done a good job of improving its ­offerings over the years from both an aesthetic and mechanical viewpoint. Complemented by a strong warranty and good value, the carmaker has been able to increase its market share year over year. If you aren’t...

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Curing Volvo Manual Transmission Rattle

In an effort to increase fuel efficiency, today’s engines produce more torque so they can be ­driven at extremely low rpm. ­Reduced viscosity engine and gearbox oils, less vehicle weight and improved aerodynamics also contribute to better fuel economy....

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Servicing The Electronically Adjustable Shocks Of Full-Sized GM Trucks

Since the 2000 model year, GM has offered electronically adjustable suspension as an option on Chevy, Cadillac and GMC full-size trucks. The system actuates the valving in the shocks to control ­suspension position and body attitude. The electronic...

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Diagnosing Clutch Assembly Noises

Noise can resonate from many areas of a ­vehicle’s driveline. There are several types of noises associated with the clutch assembly. The release bearing is most often blamed for being the cause of noise when, in many cases, it is not the release...

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Making Sense Of Steering Angle Sensor Input And Data

Measuring the­ ­position angle, rate of turn and force of the steering wheel is critical for Electronic Stability Control (ESC) systems. Scan tools call these Steering Angle Sensors (SAS) and typically display the information in degrees. The SAS...

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Talk To All Available Modules With Autel's MaxiDiag Elite MD802

Derived from Autel’s Professional Series tool, the MaxiDAS DS708, the MaxiDiag Elite MD802 enables the user to not only get into the OE enhanced OBD II system with mode 6 access and live data graphing, but it also allows a technician to scan the...

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Reflashing & Reprogramming Tools

In the first half of 2014, NHTSA has issued more than 15 recalls where the fix was to reflash a module on a vehicle. In the same time frame, more than 100 TSBs have also been issued where the solution is to reflash a module. These recalls and TSBs...

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Pulling Codes: An Advanced Misfire Story The Story of P0301

This article will document code P0301 — Misfire Activity on Cylinder No. 1 — a code many of you have run into, but sometimes we have case studies that are worthy of mention. Our subject vehicle is a 2007 Mercury Mountaineer. The vehicle has...

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Home Engine Diagnostic Dilemmas: Servicing Quadrajet Carburetors

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src=”/wp-content/uploads/Articles/05_01_2008/39766Carb4jpg_00000021239.jpg” border=”0″ ” align=”right” alt=”photo 4: float level can easily be measured on the quadrajet.”/>can be measured by inserting a special Kent-Moore float level gauge into the bowl vent located just aft the choke valve. See Photo 4.

Measuring the distance from the top of the bowl vent to the float and then subtracting the dimension from the bowl vent to the cover gasket can also determine the float level. If a repair manual with adjustment specifications is available, refer to the float level specifications listed for the model number stamped vertically on the driver’s side of the carburetor main body or on a tab attached above the primary throttle shaft. Although most Quadrajet float levels are set at 3/8”, the specification can vary from 5/16” to 1/2”.  Last, the metering rod piston can stick in its photo 5: metering rod travel can be easily checked by inserting an applicable tool into the front float bowl vent. bore, causing a lean air/fuel condition. The metering rod travel can be checked by inserting a screwdriver or punch into the bowl vent hole in front of the choke valve to see if the metering piston spring returns the metering rods to a raised position with the engine off. Spraying some penetrating oil into the bowl vent and tapping on the metering rod hanger with a screwdriver or punch can often loosen the metering rods. See Photo 5.

Quadrajet Adjustments
  The Quadrajet has a number of critical adjustments that make it perform better. The initial adjustment for idle mixture screws on most Q-jets, for example, should be lightly seated and then photo 6: metering rod travel can be easily checked by inserting an applicable tool into the front float bowl vent. backed out three turns. Initial idle speed can be obtained by seating the primary throttle plates and then turning the idle speed screw in about two turns.

photo 7: the secondary metering rod height adjustment should be checked to ensure delivering a correct secondary air/fuel ratio.Primary jetting is most easily corrected by increasing the jet size in two-step increments. To remove the primary metering rods, lightly tap the metering rod hanger with a screwdriver handle. Spring pressure will pop the plastic retainer from the main body casting.

  Before installing any Q-jet, make sure that the secondary throttle plates are seated and that the secondary throttle linkage is adjusted to specification. A tab on the primary throttle shaft actuates the secondary linkage. This tab determines the open position of the secondary plates. When the tab contacts the secondary linkage, the linkage pushes against the upper part of the secondary throttle shaft lever. At that point, the linkage should be located mid-point in the slot located below. See Photo 6.

photo 8: use a 3/32” hex wrench to loosen the lock screw on the air valve spring preload adjustment. On the topside, the secondary metering rod hanger should be adjusted to ideally achieve equal metering rod height and to allow both metering rods to touch the bottoms of their respective wells. This adjustment is done incrementally to avoid binding the rods in their hanger and to avoid damaging the hanger itself. See Photo 7.

 Secondary air valve adjustment is critical to Quadrajet performance because correct secondary air/fuel metering requires a constant depression or vacuum in the secondary venturis. If a repair manual with adjustment specifications is available, begin with the applicable spec. If a specification is not available, preload the air valve spring adjustment one-half turn, Photo 9: Make sure the secondary throttle lockout disengages when the choke valve opens.  then road test the vehicle. If the engine stumbles as it accelerates, increase the spring preload in one-half turn increments until the stumble disappears. See Photo 8.

Last, always make sure that the choke valve lockout is allowing the secondary throttle plates to open. Some Quadrajet models incorporate the lockout at the upper choke housing linkage while others locate the lockout  at the secondary throttle shaft. In either case, the choke valve linkage keeps the air valves closed until the engine warms up. See Photo 9.

Quadrajet Wrap-Up
When serviced correctly, the Quadrajet will prove to be a very responsive and economical carburetor to use for many street driving and racing applications. Although Quadrajet is very dependable, it pays to clean the external choke linkage and air bleeds with an aerosol cleaner. When changing the fuel filter, remember to replace the plastic gasket located on the end of the fuel inlet housing before reinstalling. Cross threading the inlet housing can be greatly reduced by cleaning and oiling the housing threads before installation. If the threads are seriously damaged, aftermarket kits can be used to replace the factory housing. In virtually all cases, a well-maintained late-model Quadrajet will maintain exhaust emissions within legal limits for collector and street rod vehicles while providing a full-bore performance experience.

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Gary Goms

Gary Goms is a former educator and shop owner who remains active in the aftermarket service industry. Gary is an ASE-certified Master Automobile Technician (CMAT) and has earned the L1 advanced engine performance certification. He also belongs to the Automotive Service Association (ASA) and the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE).
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